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Camposanto Villatina

In the Villatina neighborhood (Medellin, Colombia) there was a landslide where more than 500 people died. The Ecoparque Camposanto Villatina initiative, brings both environmental strengthening and population overcome capacity.

Ecoparque Camposanto is located in the Villatina district, commune 8 in Medellín, Colombia. It is an environmental space hillside city, built in 2010 by the local administration, on side of a landslide, was destroying part of the neighbourhood. Actually, exist a problem of non-appropriation of Ecoparque by the community, due to the destructured of social fabric, which has resulted an infrastructure deterioration itself and the lack integration of the community with space.

The project aims to promote local development and adaptive capacities of vulnerable communities, strengthening the social fabric by developing participatory processes to develop the community capacities to land management and reducing environmental risk, especially landslides.

Camposanto Ecoparque Villatina project is a demonstrative experience that can help similar processes in other similar urban areas in Latin America. The project focuses mainly on the achievement and positive influence of the following specific objectives:

  • Strengthening local capacities and institutional presence of public entities of Medellin in the Villatina sector through technical – communitarian diagnostic work that allows to know the social and environmental sector reality, vulnerability management and risk in these areas, as well as the provision and use of ecosystem services.

  • Strengthen the social fabric and local development by conducting participatory community activities that empower the community and generate solutions that improve their life and environment quality.

  • Strengthen the social fabric by developing its adaptive capacity, to reduce social and environmental vulnerability created by risk situations, such as extreme weather events.

  • Enhance the entrepreneurial capacity of Villatina citizens, encouraging them to develop viable ideas and productive projects about social and environmental protection, aimed to reduce local vulnerability, by developing a Creating Successful Community Business C0urse with involvement of promoting institutions.

  • Spread the participatory Ecoparque Camposanto Villatina Project in Colombia, Barcelona and other cities in Catalonia and Spain, by information and reflexion sessions within The Ecoparque Camposanto Villatina Week in Barcelona, as well as an international itinerant exposition.

Social Issues: Strategies Used to Find Solutions


Involve directly affected people in the improve processes ensures greater commitment and improve the communication between all stakeholders. The inclusion of the population in work teams to reduce social barriers, would facilitate an integrated approach to achieve the common goals.

It is essential to use engagement strategies specifically designed to draw on knowledge, initiatives and experiences. 

  • Reduce vulnerability to weather extreme events and landslides, with use of sustainable technologies such as biofilters, bioswales, built with bamboo.

  • Vulnerability and risk communities reduction, increasing capacities for adverse situations, through participatory processes that promote social cohesion and strengthening communities, sharing objectives and inclusive benefiting compliance and self – management project.

  • Improve the use efficiency of water resources through appropriate technological strategies to manage the area water balance, specially water runoff and rain.

  • Recovery of natural spaces through autochthonous elements, such as flora, faunal and recycled materials, transforming degraded areas in referent landscapes by the community.

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